Athanasios Karpenisiotis

Agrafiotis

Hero of the Greek War of Independence (c.1780 – 1821)

Athanasios Karpenisiotis was a hero of the Greek War of Independence from Eurytania. He was a skilled colonel having served the Russian army in the Turkish-Russian War. He is remembered for leading the Greeks in the Battle of Galatsi and the Battle of Skouleni, where he sacrificed his life for freedom.

At the age of 12 he left for Constantinople, where he worked as a gun repairman. Later he settled in Iasi, Romania where he came into contact with the Greek community there. This was an important step to his awakening to fight for the nation. At some point he joined the Russian army and fought in the Turkish-Russian war. He received honours and was promoted to colonel. After the war, Karpenisiotis became captain of Michael Soutzos’ army.

In 1818 he was initiated in the Society of Friends (Philiki Hetaereia), a secret organization created by John Kapodistria and the Chakalov brothers for the independence of Greece. On May 1st, 1821, Karpenisiotis led Alexander Hypsilantis’ army of 600 warriors against the Ottoman forces, which numbers around 5000, in the Battle of Galatsi, Romania. It was the very first battle in Wallachia. Even though the outcome was not victorious, Karpenisiotis and his army managed to deliver significant damage to the Ottoman army and thus strengthen the Greeks’ spirit.

On June 17, 1821, Athanasios Karpenisiotis was elected captain of the Greek forces that would lead them to the Battle of Skouleni, in Wallachia. A few hundreds Greek soldiers faced an army of 6000 Ottoman warriors. Karpenisiotis and his men fought with immense courage and bravery, killing almost 1600 Turks. He continued fighting when he ran out of firearms and when his sword broke in half. In the end, Athanasios Karpenisiotis passed to immortality, fighting for his homeland and its freedom.

Karpenisiotis is often compared to fellow Freedom Fighter Athanasios Diakos, both of whom share the same name. Like him, Karpenisiotis died by fighting an unequal battle, choosing to stay and give his life rather than retreat and save himself and his forces. The Battle of Skouleni is for many equivalent to the Battle of Maniaki and the Battle of Alamana, where Papaflessas and Diakos fell heroically respectively.

Bibliography:

  1. Ευρυτανικά Νέα. Αθανάσιος Καρπενησιώτης, ο Ευρυτάνας Ήρωας της Ελληνικής Επανάστασης. Σκοτώθηκε στις 17 Ιουνίου 1821 στην Ρουμανία, πολεμώντας για την πατρίδα. Evrytanika.gr. August 8, 2016. Web.
  2. Παπαδημητρίου, Κώστας Δ. Αθανάσιος Καρπενησιώτης (θυσιάσθηκε 17 Ιουνίου 1821). Ορθόδοξη Πορεία. Orp.gr. June 17, 2013. Web.
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Athanasios Karpenisiotis

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