Myron

μυρον

Sculptor (5th century BC)

Myron was one of the greatest sculptors of antiquity, together with Scopas, Pheidias, Polycleitus, Lysippus and Praxiteles. He was born in Eleutheres, Attica and was student of Ageladus of Argus, one of the most renowned sculptors of athletic themes. The great sculptors Pheidias and Polycleitus were also Ageladus’ students.

Myron worked in Athens, where he ran his own business of statues. He received commissions from Asia Minor and Sicily. He worked almost exclusively on bronze. His themes included mostly representations of Gods, heroes, athletes and animals.

Many of Myron’s statues are some of the most well-known in the world today. He built the statues of Athens and Marsyas, which originally stood in the Acropolis of Athens, the statue of Apollo of Ephesus, the statue of Athena with her helmet, the bronze cow that stood in the marketplace of Athens, the statue of the Minotaur and the statue of Ladas, which in antiquity was considered his greatest work. It depicts an Olympic runner falling dead to the ground on the moment of his victory. It was displayed in Olympia. In addition, Myron built 2 statues of Lycinus, a Spartan king who had won in a horse race and a statue in honour of an Olympian.

His most famous sculpture today is the Discobolus, or the Disc Thrower. It depicts a young athlete back swinging a discus at the moment before he is about to throw it. It is considered to be a masterpiece of art because Myron has achieved in depicting the athlete’s most intense moment with his body’s expression, yet his face remains completely unexpressed.

Being a few years older than Pheidias, Myron was considered to be the greatest sculptor of his times. He is often credited with the introduction of realism and vividness in sculptures. During the Roman times, many of his statues were replicated in marble with great accuracy and are displayed today in museums. A large part of his works has still to be discovered.

Bibliography

  1. “Myron”. Helios New Encyclopaedic Dictionary. Passas, I. Athens, 1946. Print.
  2. Ο αρχαίος Έλληνας γλύπτης Μύρων ο Αθηναίος, (περ. 480-440 π.Χ.). ΠΕΡΙ ΤΕΧΝΗΣ Ο ΛΟΓΟΣ. Peritexnisologos.blogspot.bg, Web. April 30, 2016.
  3. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Myron. Encyclopaedia Britannica. Britannica.com. Web.
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Myron