Statesman (c495 BC – 429 BC)
The greatest of the Ancient Greek statesmen, the “first citizen of Athens” according to Thucydides and one of the most acclaimed figures in world history, Pericles was born 5 years prior to the Battle of Marathon as a descendent of the royal family of the Alkmaeonides, the same bloodline as Cleisthenes, one of the founding fathers of democracy. For 30 years, under the leadership of Pericles, Athens lived a time of cultural development and insuperable glory making it the most powerful city-state in Greece at a time referred to as “The Golden Age”.
Pericles’ politics were characterized by interest and love for his people. He removed many obligations of the Areios Pagos, the Supreme Court and entrusted them to a court run by the people, implemented important measures for the welfare, sought to reduce poverty and passed a law by which poor people could receive money from the national fund so that they could watch theatre plays, because theatre plays in Ancient Greece had also therapeutic purposes on the viewers.
Under Pericles’ supervision, Athens became a Panhellenic cultural centre where philosophy, art and sciences flourished. In addition to being heavily fortified with walls, of which ruins exist to this day, Piraeus was transformed into one of the most powerful harbours and trade centres in all Europe. Numerous public works of indomitable beauty were constructed, most notably temples, theatres, royal tombs, the Propylaia, the Parthenon by Ictinus and Callicrates, the marbles of the Parthenon and the statue of Athena by Pheidias, the beautiful sculptures of Praxiteles and Polykleitos and the mesmerising art of Zeuxis and Apollodorus. The names of 3 playwrights would forever remain in history as the greatest tragedians in world history: Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides. Thucydides and Xenophon appeared for the first time in historiography while philosophy reached a level of considerable perfection with the teachings of Anaxagoras, who as Pericles’ tutor, Democritus and the immortal Socrates.
Moreover, Pericles’ plan was to unite all European and Asian Greek cities into a common union for the restoration of all temples destroyed by the Persians, to ensure freedom to all Greek city-states, to establish a safe zone in the Mediterranean for effective trade and to create an alliance for peace among all of Greece. His wise plan, however, was only partially implemented as it was thwarted by the Spartans, who envied the Athenians.
Coincidentally, the lexarithm of Pericles’ name is equal to that of the word “Η ΔΡΑΣΙΣ” (The Action) = 523. Similarly, Pericles (523) “plus God” (σὺν θεῶ) (1) is equal to the lexarithm of the words ΗΓΕΤΗΣ (Leader), ΘΕΣΜΟΣ (Institution), ΤΙΜΗ ΚΑΙ ΔΟΞΑ (Honour and Glory) = 524. Indeed, Pericles was an outstanding leader, his democracy was an institution as an example throughout the ages and he gained honour and glory in history for his achievements.
- Manias, Theophanis. The Holy Geometry of the Greeks and the Mathematical Structure of the Greek Language. Athens: Pyrinos Kosmos, 2006. Print.
- “Pericles”. Helios. Passas, I. Athens. 1946. Print.