Anthropologist, Archaeologist (1924)
“My mother named me Aris Poulianos, my profession over the last years is anthropologist; I study the origin of man, where he came from, and that is how I came to some conclusions…”.
Aris Poulianos’s name today is connected with some of the most groundbreaking discoveries made in the field of archaeology and paleontology. He is credited as the discoverer of the oldest human remains on the planet.
On September 1960, in a cave in Petralona, Chalkidiki, a shepherd named Philippos Chantzarides accidentally discovered a human skull and later a skeleton. After 12 years of meticulous anthropometric studies by the University of Thessaloniki, European and Japanese scientists and Aris Poulianos himself, the skeleton was revealed to be almost 750.000 years old. The skeleton, which came to be known as Archanthrope of Petralona is believed to be the transitional stage between homo erectus and homo sapiens. At the time of its discovery, it was the oldest human skeleton in Europe.
In Ptolemais, northern Greece, Poulianos discovered a whole skeleton of an elephant that had been killed by hunters using tools. The skeleton was dated 3.000.000 years old.
His greatest discovery, however, was a tibia and a fibula found in a quarry in Triglia, Chalkidiki in 1996. It pertained to the Archanthrope of Triglia, as he came to be called. The anthropometry conducted by the University of Northern Carolina revealed that the bones were dated 12.000.000 years ago, meaning that Poulianos had discovered the remains of the oldest homo erectus ever. It predated the so-called “Lucy”, which was found in Tanzania by more than 700.000 years and thus wiped out the “Out-of-Africa” theory.
Later, Poulianos would discover the oldest fire ash ever recorded in human history, again in Greece, dating back to 1.000.000 BC. These discoveries proved that this man could speak, impose laws, build weapons and form communities.
Aris Poulianos has conducted more than 20.000 anthropometries during his work as an anthropologist. Throughout his career, which has spanned more than half a century, he gave all of his fortune for the construction of a museum inside the cave where all of the artifacts were found. Today it attracts tourists from all around the world, as well as students from prestigious universities seeking to complete their doctorate. Unfortunately, many of the artifacts discovered by Poulianos, including bones of the skeletons, were taken by shady scholars and have been lost.
Poulianos’ discoveries overturned numerous mainstream theories on the origin of man as well as of the Greeks. Before his discoveries, it was believed that man originated from Africa and subsequently moved and colonized other continents. During the 19th and 20th century, it was theorized that the Greeks originated from the north as part of an Indo-European race and settled in Greece before wiping out all its previous inhabitants.
Today, thanks to the archaeological discoveries of Poulianos, it has been established that the Greeks are in fact an autochthonous race and that man as he is today first stood up in two legs and walked the earth in Greece. In his own words: “All of the peoples, the Europeans, and those that went to Africa, Asia and America, all of them began from the Greek peninsula”. “It is the place which gave the first homo erectus on Earth since 13.000.000 years. Darwin told us about Africa 3.000.000 years ago; I say here, 13.000.000 years ago”.
- Ayfantis, Georgios. Anthropos & Epistimi – Enimerosis: Prehistory and History of Man, Science & Civilization. Athens: Hellinikon Selas, 2009. Print.
- Balanthsberoia. Το Σπήλαιο των Πετραλώνων. Youtube. April 4, 2012. Web. March 25, 2016.
- ΕΛΛΑΣ-ΑΦΥΠΝΙΣΗ -ΤΩΡΑ. Άρης Πουλιανός: Ο Βενιζέλος εξαφάνισε τα ευρήματα που ανατρέπουν την παγκόσμια ιστορία!!!. Youtube. September 22, 2014. Web. March 25, 2016.
- Kalopoulos, Michalis. ”Αρης Πουλιανός… και ο Αρχάνθρωπος τών Πετραλώνων 11 εκατ. ετών! GreatLie. Web. 25 Mar. 2016.
- Kikkerjen. Άρης Πουλιανός για τον Αρχάνθρωπο των Πετραλώνων. Youtube. December 14, 2011. Web. March 25, 2016.
- Zisopoulos, Dimitris. Άρης Πουλιανός. Ο Άρης των Ανθρώπων. Youtube. April 27, 2011. Web. March 25 , 2016.